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Sleep Disorders

Sleep-related Movement Disorders

Circadian Rhythm Sleep-wake Disorders

Sleep-related Breathing Disorders

Hypersomnias

Insomnias

Parasomnias

Diagnosis

NREM Parasomnias

Parasomnias are sleep disorders. They are abnormal movements that a person experiences while he sleeps. A person can also experience these in between sleep stages. Some experience them during arousal and they may involve abnormal behaviors and emotions. There are even some parasomnias that result in abnormal perceptions or dreams.… Read More »NREM Parasomnias

Night Terrors

A night terror is a partial waking from sleep. Someone experiencing night terrors usually wakes up screaming, kicking, thrashing, or mumbling. There are also some instances of night terrors that end with the person sleepwalking. Night terrors are harmless. An episode often lasts from a few seconds to a few… Read More »Night Terrors

Sleepwalking

Somnambulism – most commonly known as sleepwalking – is a sleep disorder where someone walks and executes abnormal behaviors while he is still asleep. Sleepwalking belongs to a family of sleep disorders called parasomnia. This occurs on the cycles of non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM sleep) during deep sleep. Although… Read More »Sleepwalking

Somniloquy

Somniloquy is the formal name for sleep talking. It is a sleep disorder where a person talks during sleep. The person affected is unaware that he or she is talking while asleep. Sleep talking may involve complicated dialogues or monologues. There are also times when a person talks in gibberish… Read More »Somniloquy

Hypnagogia

Hypnagogia or hypnogogic hallucinations are imaginary sensations. These sensations may seem very real to the person experiencing them. They often occur while a person is falling asleep. Another term for hypnagogia is sleep hallucinations. Hypnopompic is a word that describes the period when a person wakes up. Hypnagogic is a… Read More »Hypnagogia

Nightmare Disorder

Nightmares are scary dreams. They often awaken children and can make them afraid to go back to sleep. There is no way to know when a nightmare may occur; although episodes of nightmares sometimes occur after a child sees or hears something upsetting. It may be something real or imaginary.… Read More »Nightmare Disorder

REM Parasomnias

Parasomnia is a term that refers to an abnormal problem that can happen while a person sleeps. This does not include sleep apnea. Some examples of parasomnia include sleep-related sleeping disorders, sleepwalking, and sleep aggression. Nightmares and sleep paralysis are also examples of parasomnias. Parasomnias can affect a person’s sleep… Read More »REM Parasomnias

Sleep Enuresis

Sleep Enuresis is another term for bedwetting or urinary incontinence. This is a common condition in young children and is a sign of a developing bladder. According to estimates it affects 15 percent of children over the age of three. It also affects 10 percent of children over the age… Read More »Sleep Enuresis

Sleep Paralysis

Parasomnias are undesirable events that come along with sleep. A parasomnia can make sleeping uncomfortable and can result in unrefreshing sleep. Sleep paralysis is one example of a parasomnia. Sleep paralysis causes a patient to lose the ability to move his or her body while asleep. What is sleep paralysis?… Read More »Sleep Paralysis

Sleep Hallucinations

Sleep hallucinations belong to a classification of sleep disorders called parasomnias. They are vivid experiences, either sensory or visual, that occur between the state of waking up and falling asleep. These are imagined incidents that appear very realistic, causing immense fear and anxiety for the person experiencing them. Sleep hallucinations… Read More »Sleep Hallucinations

Epworth Sleepiness Scale

The majority of sleep disorders result in excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). ES is measured by sleep clinics using questionnaires to screen patients. These questionnaires ask patients about the symptoms that they’re experiencing. There are many questionnaires and scales available to health care providers. They hope to isolate a particular symptom… Read More »Epworth Sleepiness Scale

How Sleep Disorders are Classified by Doctors

There are many sleep disorders. Each with distinct characteristics that distinguish them from one another. However, there are some characteristics that sleep disorders share. Most sleep disorders have one of the following symptoms: Excessive daytime sleepiness Difficulty falling asleep Difficulty staying asleep Abnormal movements, sensations, or behaviors while sleeping There… Read More »How Sleep Disorders are Classified by Doctors

Kleine-Levin Syndrome

What is Kleine-Levin Syndrome? Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS) is a rare sleep disorder. This disorder is characterized by persistent episodic hypersomnia. A patient with KLS might also experience cognitive or behavioral changes.  When an individual has KLS, he may sleep for up to 20 hours per day during an episode. Because… Read More »Kleine-Levin Syndrome

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder. It causes a disruption in the sleep and wakefulness state of the affected person. As a result someone with narcolepsy experiences excessive sleepiness and sleep paralysis. This sleep disorder is also characterized by hallucinations. In rare cases, a patient suffering from narcolepsy might experience episodes… Read More »Narcolepsy